Rwanda is not a state party to the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons. Rwanda has not yet declared its position on the negotiation of a legally binding instrument on autonomous weapons systems. Rwanda is a member of the African Group in the United Nations, which supports the negotiation of a legally binding instrument on autonomous weapons.
At the 78th UN General Assembly First Committee in 2023, Rwanda voted in favour of resolution L.56 on autonomous weapons systems, along with 163 other states. Resolution L.56 stressed the ‘urgent need for the international community to address the challenges and concerns raised by autonomous weapons systems’, and mandated the UN Secretary-General to prepare a report, reflecting the views of member and observer states on autonomous weapons systems and ways to address the related challenges and concerns they raise from humanitarian, legal, security, technological and ethical perspectives and on the role of humans in the use of force.