Andorra supports the negotiation of a legally binding instrument on autonomous weapons systems.
At the 78th UN General Assembly First Committee in 2023, Andorra voted in favour of resolution L.56 on autonomous weapons systems, along with 163 other states. Resolution L.56 stressed the ‘urgent need for the international community to address the challenges and concerns raised by autonomous weapons systems’, and mandated the UN Secretary-General to prepare a report, reflecting the views of member and observer states on autonomous weapons systems and ways to address the related challenges and concerns they raise from humanitarian, legal, security, technological and ethical perspectives and on the role of humans in the use of force.
In 2023, Andorra endorsed the Ibero-American Summit Communiqué on the social and humanitarian impact of autonomous weapons, which states that ‘the delegates of the Ibero-American States recognise the need for new actions to: Collaborate to promote the negotiation of a legally binding international instrument, with prohibitions and regulations regarding autonomy in weapons systems, in order to ensure compliance with International Law, including International Humanitarian Law and International Human Rights Law, ethical perspectives, as well as the prevention of the social and humanitarian impact that autonomy entails in weapons systems.’
Andorra is not a state party to the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons (CCW), and has not participated in any meetings of the CCW Group of Governmental Experts on Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems.