Saudi Arabia has attended some of the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons (CCW) Group of Governmental Experts on Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems (GGE on LAWS) meetings since 2014.
At the 78th UN General Assembly in 2023, Saudi Arabia was one of 8 states which abstained from voting on resolution L.56 on autonomous weapons systems. Resolution L.56 stressed the ‘urgent need for the international community to address the challenges and concerns raised by autonomous weapons systems’, and mandated the UN Secretary-General to prepare a report, reflecting the views of member and observer states on autonomous weapons systems and ways to address the related challenges and concerns they raise from humanitarian, legal, security, technological and ethical perspectives and on the role of humans in the use of force. 164 states voted in favour of the resolution.
Saudi Arabia is a member of the Arab Group within the United Nations and the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM), both of which support the negotiation of a legally binding instrument on autonomous weapons systems. Saudi Arabia has not spoken independently on the need for a legally binding instrument. At the 2020 UN General Assembly First Committee meeting, the NAM stated that there is an ‘urgent need to pursue a legally binding instrument’ on autonomous weapons systems.Statement by Indonesia on behalf of the Non-Aligned Movement, UN General Assembly First Committee , 9 October 2020, … Continue reading
|Statement by Indonesia on behalf of the Non-Aligned Movement, UN General Assembly First Committee , 9 October 2020, https://reachingcriticalwill.org/images/documents/Disarmament-fora/1com/1com20/statements/9Oct_NAM.pdf